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Thursday, March 26, 2009

ICMR's JRF Notification 2009

Indian Council of Medical Research
Ramalingaswami Bhawan, Ansari Nagar,
Post Box 4911, New Delhi-110029

Test For ICMR's Junior Research Fellowship

Notification 2009

ICMR in collaboration with PGIMER, Chandigarh will hold a National Level Examination for the award of Junior Research Fellowships (JRF), for Indian national candidates at Chandigarh, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata Mumbai , Hyderabad & Guwahati on Sunday, July 12th, 2009.

A total of 150 Fellowships would be awarded; 120 fellowships awarded in Life Sciences stream (like Microbiology, Physiology, Molecular Biology, Genetics, Human Biology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Immunology, Pharmacology, Zoology, Environmental Sciences, Botany, Veterinary Sciences etc), and thirty (30) fellowships in social sciences stream (like Psychology, Sociology, Home Science, Statistics, Anthropology, Social work & Health Economics).

Application form duly completed must reach the Registrar; Academic Section PGIMER, Chandigarh-160012 by registered/Speed post on or before 29.04.2009. Candidate from remote areas /regions may submit their application forms duly completed latest by 06.05.2009.


M.Sc/M.A or equivalent degree with minimum 55% marks for General/OBC Candidates and 50% for the SC/ST & Physically Handicapped (PH) candidates in the subjects mentioned above. Candidates appearing in the final year examination (2008-2009) can also apply.

Age Limit: The upper age limit for admission to the eligibility test is 28 years as on 30-09-2009 (relaxable up to 5 years in case of candidates belonging to SC/ST/PH/ female candidates and 3 years in the case of OBC.

Information bulletin containing the application form and other details will be available at PGIMER Website http:// and ICMR New Delhi Website : . The candidates may apply in the downloaded form together with requisite fee by demand draft in the name of DIRECTOR, PGIMER, Chandigarh. The prescribed application from along with Information Brochure will also be available on cash payment (Not by Cheque or money order) from the office of Registrar, Academic Section,PGIMER,Chandigarh-160012 at the counter & ICMR, New Delhi from 30.03.2009 on payment of Rs. 500/- for General & OBC and Rs. 300/- for SC/ST/PH from 10.30AM to 12.30PM and from 2.30PM to 3.30 PM on all working days except Saturdays (On Saturday forms will be available at PGIMER, Chandigarh only from 10.30 AM to 12.30 PM) or by post for which request (inscribed on the envelope “Application form ICMR-JRF Exam -2009 must be accompanied with a self addressed thick envelope of size 8” x10” bearing Postage stamp of Rs. 30/- and requisite Bank draft. The Bank draft should be preferably from any SBI Branch payable at SBI Medical Institute Branch (Code No. 1524), Chandigarh (for General & OBC Rs. 500/- and Rs. 300/- for SC/ST/PH) drawn in favour of “DIRECTOR,PGIMER, Chandigarh”)

Candidates are advised to preserve photocopy of the Bank draft for further reference. SC/ST/OBC/PH candidates should submit a copy of the certificate from the competent authority in English or Hindi along with bank draft. All disputes relating to the conduct of the examination or any matter connected with this advertisement shall be dealt in the jurisdiction of Delhi Court.

NOTE: No request for supply of form by post will be entertained after 22.04.2009

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research

Sector-12, Chandigarh PIN- 160012, INDIA.
Phone: EPBAX: 0091-172-2746018,2756565,2747585
Fax: 0091-172-2744401, 2745078

For more details, visit:

Ph.D in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics - IISER

Transit Campus: MGSIPAP Complex
Sector 26, Chandigarh160
019, Phone 01722791025,
Fax : 01722790188

Ph.D Admission Notice August 2009

Applications are invited from prospective candidates for admission to the Ph.D Program at IISER Mohali in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics for the academic session beginning August 2009

Minimum Qualifications: High Second class in M.Sc and GATE/NET/JEST qualified.

The last date for receipt of application is April 30, 2009.

For application details, visit:

Sample Questions for MCA

Sample Questions for Master of Computer Applications (MCA)


For OCET 2009

1. Which of the following is NOT a language processor?

A) Compiler
B) Loader
C) Interpreter
D) Assembler

2. Which of the following is NOT an Internet protocol?


3 The sequence that is in ascending order in size is

A) bit, word, byte, nibble
B) nibble, byte, bit, word
C) nibble, bit, word, byte
D) bit, nibble, byte, word

4 Total number of ways in which four boys and three girls can sit in a row so that boys and girls have alternate seats is

A) 72
B) 144
C) 288
D) 720

5. If the word MANMOHANWASHERE corresponds to ZOAABVNBJOFVRFR, then the word that corresponds to LRF is


6. (iex-1) dx =

A) ex-1
B) log(1-e-x)
C) log(ex-1)
D) tan-1(e-x)

7. Two persons Ram and Shyam sort the letters at constant rate. Ram sorts L letters in 60 minutes while Shyam takes 30 minutes to sort L letters. The total time taken by both of them in sorting L letters working together but independently is

A) 10 min
B) 20 min
C) 15 min
D) 45 min

8. The remainder obtained on dividing 21680 by 1763 is

A) 1
B) 3
C) 13
D) 31

9. The area bounded by the curve , y= (x+1)2 , its tangent at (1, 4) and the x -axis is

A) 1/3
B) 2/3
C) 1
D) 4/3

10. The median of 25,13,4,6,3,11,15,10 is

A) 4.5
B) 6.0
C) 10.5
D) 5.0

Source: PU (OCET 2009)

Sample Questions for LL.M.

Sample Questions for LL.M.

Objective Type Questions For LLM

For OCET 2009

Part - I: Constitutional Law and Current Affairs

1. The doctrine of “Basic Structure of the Constitution” was propounded by the Supreme Court of India in

A) Shankari Prasad v. Union of India, AIR 1951 SC 458
B) Golaknath v. State of Punjab, AIR 1967 SC 1643
C) Kesavananda v. State of Kerala, AIR 1973 SC 1461
D) Minerva Mills v. Union of India, AIR 1980 SC 1789

2. The President of India may make a proclamation under Article 356 as to the breakdown of constitutional machinery in a State.

A) When he is personally satisfied as to the circumstances.
B) When he is advised by the Prime Minister to do so.
C) When he is advised by the Union Council of Ministers.
D) When he receives a report from the Chief Election Commission.

3. The President of India, in the matters of appointment of Judges of a High Court :

A) Is not obliged to consult any judge of Supreme Court or High Court.
B) Is bound by the advice of the Governor of a State
C) Must give primacy to the opinion of the Chief Justice of India.
D) Is not bound to consult the Chief Justice of India.

4. Right to education has been included in the constitution by

A) 85th Amendment
B) 100th Amendment
C) 87th Amendment
D) 94th Amendment

5. The Constitution (85th Amendment) Bill, which was passed by the Parliament in 1994 provides for

A) Extension of President’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir
B) Setting up of a new JPC
C) 69% reservation to the OBC’ in Tamil Nadu and is to be included in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution.
D) None of these

6. How many amendments have been carried out in constitution of India.

A) 109
B) 106
C) 99
D) 94

7. The tenure of Jammu and Kashmir Assembly is

A) 5 Years
B) 6 Years
C) 7Years
D) None of the above

8. The attempt to suicide is no more punishable. Which section of the IPC was declared unconstitutional and hence void by the Supreme Court in April, 1994 ?

A) 302
B) 303
C) 304
D) 309

9. The newly elected President of USA Barack Obama belongs to which political party.

A) Republican
B) Democratic.
C) Communist
D) None of the above.

10. Since August 1994, the rupee has been made fully convertible in :

A) The capital account
B) The capital and saving account
C) The saving account
D) The current account

Part– II: Substantive Law

Commercial Law (Law of Contract and Company Law)

1. A contract entered into without ‘Free Consent’ is :

A) Void
B) Voidable
C) Valid
D) Illegal

2. Property insurance is a contract of :

A) Indemnity
B) Contingent contract
C) Wagering agreement
D) Guarantee

3. Creditor, on default by the principal debtor, can file suit against:

A) Secured property
B) Principal debtor alone
C) Surety and principal debtor;
D) All the above jointly.

4. A company is a Government Company only if :

A) All the shares of the company are held by Central or State Government;
B) At least 25% of Shares are held by Central or State Government;
C) Majority of Shares are held by Central or State Government or both;
D) Majority of Directors are appointed by the Central or State Government.

5. Annual general meeting of a company is to be held with a gap between two consecutive meetings of successive years;

A) Of not more than twelve month;
B) Of not more than twenty four months;
C) Of not more than fifteen months;
D) Any time but less than twenty four

Family Law

1. Which of the following is valid marriage under the Hindu Marriage Act. 1955 ?

A) H, a male Hindu aged 35 marries W who is a deserted wife of B, who had filed a suit for divorce and suit is still pending
B) H, a male Hindu aged 36 marries a second wife with the consent of his first wife who has not been able to have a child for the last 10 years
C) H, a Brahmin Male aged 30, marries a Budhist girl aged 18
D) H, an idiot male Hindu aged 27 marries W, a Hindu female Lunatic

2. Which of the following is valid adoption under the Hindu Adoption & Maintenance Act, 1956?

A) H, a male Hindu aged 26 adopts a daughter aged 6
B) H, a male Hindu and his wife adopt a son aged 16
C) H, a male Hindu aged 40 adopted a son aged 5, after his natural born son migrated to the U.S.A.
D) H, a Hindu bachelor aged 25 adopts a son aged 3

3. Which of the following is Hindu under the Hindu Law?

A) A is born of Hindu father and Christian mother and brought up as a Christian months
B) A is born of Hindu father and Budhist mother
C) A is born of Muslim father and Parsi mother’
D) A is born of Christian father and Muslim mother

4. Which of the following relatives will succeed to the Property of H, a Hindu male under the Hindu Succession Act 1956 after his death?

A) Daughter
B) Father
C) Brother
D) Sister

5. Which of the following is SAHI NIKAH (valid marriage) under the Mohammedan Law ?

A) M, a Mohammedan male aged 30 married W, a Muslim woman undergoing Iddat
B) M, a Mohammedan male aged 27, married W, a Muslim woman in a desert, without any witness
C) M, a Mohammedan male aged 35, married his wife’s sister
D) M, a Mohammedan male aged 41, married W, a Muslim female aged 21 as second wife without the consent and against the wishes of his first wife

Law of Torts

1. The defence of Volenti non fit injuria is available in :

A) Rescue cases
B) Help cases
C) Negligence cases
D) Unlawful acts

2. The test of reasonable foreseeability was laid down in :

A) Re Polemis case
B) Donoghue v. Stevenson
C) Rylands v. Fletcher
D) Ashby v. White.

3. There is physical harm to the plaintiff in :

A) Assault
B) Defamation
C) Nervous shock
D) None of these

4. Malice/evil motive is relevant in :

A) Negligence
B) Defamation
C) Vicarious Liability
D) Nuisance

5. Tort is :

A) A wrong against the Society
B) Statutorily defined in the Limitation Act
C) A codified branch of law
D) A civil wrong based on the agreed obligations.

Legal Theory

1. Who observed that International Law is the vanishing point of jurisprudence?

A) Austin
B) Salmond
C) Starke
D) Holland

2. Identify the Jurist who defined Law as “the form of the guarantee of the conditions of life of society, assured by the states’ power of constraint”:

A) Roscoe Pound
B) Holmes
C) Ihering
D) Salmond

3. Realist theory of law emphasises on:

A) Social function of law
B) Human factors in law
C) Social criterion of validity of law
D) Essentiality of law for social life

4. According to Hohfield, the jural opposite of ‘Power’ in the context of his analysis of legal right in the wider sense is :

A) Liability
B) Disability
C) Duty
D) Immunity

5. Possession is said to be ownership on the defensive by :

A) Savingny
B) Salmond
C) Ihering
D) Gray

Public International Law

1. ‘International Law may be defined in broad terms as the body of general principales and specific rules which are binding upon the members of the international community in their mutual relations’

A) Oppenheim
B) Lawrence
C) Brierly
D) Fenwick

2. ‘The duties and rights of the States are only the duties and rights of men who compose them’ :

A) Kelsen
B) Westlake
C) Hall
D) Starke

3. ‘A State is, and becomes an international person, through recognition only and exclusively’:

A) Oppenheim
B) Anzilotti
C) Holland
D) Pitt Corbett

4. “The rebus sic stantibus doctrine is one of the enigmas of International Law” who said

A) Starke
B) Edward Collin
C) Oppenheim
D) Anzilotti.

5. ‘From the theoretical point of view, the provision for applying ‘the General Principles of Law’ has been regarded as sounding the death-knell of positivism’:

A) Lauterpacht
B) C.C.Hyde
C) Starke
D) Triepel

Indian Penal Code

1. P, a Pakistani, fires at A, an Indian, standing on the no-man’s land. A runs and dies on the Indian territory:

A) P has committed no offence
B) P is liable for murder
C) P is liable for culpable homicide
D) P is liable for grievous hurt.

2. With an intention to kill B administers sugar mistaking it for arsenic :

A) P has committed no offence
B) P is liable for attempt to murder
C) P is liable for attempt to culpable homicide
D) P is liable for attempt to grievous hurt

3. P intentionally gives a sword cut to A. A subsequently dies of septic meningitis which developed on account of use of wrong remedies and neglect of treatment:

A) P is liable for murder
B) P is liable for culpable homicide
C) P is liable for grievous hurt
D) P is liable for simple hurt

4. P, a stoutly built man comes with a lathi in his hand. P picks up the bag of A who being weak person does not resist :

A) P is liable for theft
B) P is liable for robbery
C) P is liable for extortion
D) None of the above

5. P threatens A with a pistol and puts his hand in A’s pocket which is empty :

A) P has committed no offence
B) P is liable for attempt to theft
C) P is liable for attempt to robbery
D) P is liable for attempt to extortion

Transfer of Property Act

1. Which of the following is a non-transferable property under the T.P.Act:

A) Actionable claim
B) Mortgagor’s right to redeem
C) Lessee’s right under the lease
D) Right of an occupancy tenant

2. The Supreme Court has held, that the rule of lis pendens equally applies to involuntary transfers, in the case of

A) Kedar Nath Vs. Sheo Narain AIR 1970 S.C. 1717
B) Narayana Rao Vs. Basavarajappa AIR 1956 S.C.727
C) Vidhyadhar Krishnarao Mungi Vs. Usman Gani Saheb AIR 1974 S.C.685
D) Beepathuma Vs. Velasari Shankra- Narayana Kadambolithaya AIR 1965 S.C.241

3. Where a mortgagor personally binds himself to repay; the mortgage money by a certain date and possession of the property is delivered to the Mortgagee, the mortgage shall be recognised as :

A) Simple mortgage
B) English mortgage
C) Usufructuary mortgage
D) Anomalous mortgage

4. The Transfer of Property Act applies to transfers :

A) By operation of Law
B) By act of parties
C) By the Government
D) By parties who are muslims

5. The rule that every transaction involving transfer of property is to be treated as single unit is the basis of

A) The rule of apportionment
B) The rule of lis pendens
C) The rule of election
D) The rule of contribution

Industrial Disputes Act

1. The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 aims at :

A) Providing social security benefits to the workmen
B) Regulating conditions of work in industries
C) Investigation and settlement of industrial disputes
D) Regulating the employment of women during certain periods

2. Retrenchment means :

A) Refusal by an employer to continue to employ a workman
B) Termination by the employer of the service of a workman for any reason whatsoever
C) Inability on the part of employer to provide employment to the workman
D) Voluntary retirement of a workman

3. The power of the Appropriate Government under Section 10 to refer industrial disputes for adjudication is :

A) An administrative power
B) Legislative power
C) Judicial power
D) Quasi-judicial power

4. Lockout is :

A) For trade reasons
B) An act on the part of employer taken to coerce or pressurise the labour
C) Not an intentional act
D) Not concerned with industrial dispute

5. Strike means :

A) Mere cessation of work
B) Cessation of work under common understanding
C) Cessation of work coupled with gherao of management
D) Slowing down production

Source: Panjab University (OCET 2009)

Sample Questions for LL.B

Sample Questions for LL.B.


Part – I: Legal Aptitude, General Awareness & Knowledge of English

1. A court is a duly authorized place where

A) Advocates plead their cases
B) Justice is administrated
C) Litigants assemble
D) Judge sits

2. Parole is

A) A conditional release from prison for a specific purpose and period
B) A temporary confinement in jail
C) In order of the higher count converting the death sentence into life imprisonment
D) Final release of a person from jail on account of his good conduct before the
expiry of his full term of imprisonment

3. The President of India is

A) Directly elected by the people
B) Indirectly elected through an electoral college
C) Indirectly elected by the members State Legislatures
D) Indirectly elected by the members of Parliament

4. Chanakya helped in the consideration of the empire of

A) Ashoka
B) Chandragupta
C) Kanishka
D) Mauryas

5. Which is the most basic to all Hindu philosophy

A) The idea of worship
B) The idea of synthesis
C) The concept of Maya
D) None of the above

6. Atmosphere is held to the earth by

A) Gravitational attraction
B) Morning Air
C) Revolution of earth
D) Exotic streams

7. Which group of countries awards the Nobel Prize

A) UK, France, Germany
B) Sweden, Finland, Norway
C) USA, Canada, Brazil
D) Switzerland, Russia, Holland

8. In human body, the quantity of water is about

A) 80%
B) 40%
C) 65%
D) 50%

9. The latest video data storage and entertainment technology is

D) None of the above

10. The non-congress Prime Minister with longest tenure has been

A) Sh. Morarji Desai
B) Sh. Atal Behari Vajpayee
C) Sh. Deva Gowda
D) Sh. I. K. Gujral

11. Complete the sentence with the correct Preposition I am desirous ………. Going
home now.

A) To
B) of
C) With
D) on

12. “at the eleventh our” means

(A) Jestifiable
(B) at the last moment
(C) late at night
(B) Early in the morning

13. Choose the correct spelling:

A) Jestifiable
B) Justifibale
C) Justifiable
D) Justifable

14. What does the following phrase mean? The apple of the eye:

A) the choicest food
B) a bad apple
C) a favoured person
D) An eye infection

15. Choose the correct meaning of: Celebrity

A) Famous
B) Tall
C) Short
D) Stout

Part– II: Writing & Communication Skill with Legal Aptitude

I. Write an Essay in (about 250 words) on one of the following :

A) Nuclear deal between Indo & USA
B) Human Rights
C) Socialism

I. Read the Comprehensive passage below and answer the questions at the end of the passage:

Knowledge is power, but what is power? A basic distinction can be drawn between behavioural power …. The ability to obtain outcomes you want ….. and resource power … the possession of resources that are usually associated with the ability to reach outcomes you want. Behavioural power, in turn, can be divided into hard and soft power. Hard power is the ability to get others to do what they otherwise would do through threats or rewards. Whether by economic carrots or military sticks, the ability to coax or coerce has long been the central element of power. As we pointed out two decades ago, the ability of the less vulnerable to manipulate or escape the constraints of an interdependent relationship at low cost is an important source of power. For example in 1971 the United States halted the convertibility of dollars into gold and increased its influence over the international monetary system. In 1973, Arab states temporarily gained power from an oil embargo.

1. What do the writers of the passage seek to explain?
2. What are the writers trying to differentiate between?
3. What do ‘economic carrots’ relate to?
4. What does the possession of natural resources like petroleum provide a country with?
5. Why have the authors refer to an earlier publications?

III. Write 30 words on any two of the following :

1. Right to Information
2. Parliamentary Democracy
3. Plea Bargaining
4. Multinational Corporation

OCET 2009


Admission Notice For OCET 2009

Other Common Entrance Test 2009

OCET Last date To Apply : 22th April, 2009

Entrance Test (O-CET-2009) for admission to: LL.B.; LL.M.; M.C.A.; M.A. (English); Journalism; M.Tech. (Microelectronics, Instrumentation, Nanoscience); M.E. (Electronics & Communication Engg., Information Technology and Computer Sc. & Engg.); M.B.A. (Executive); M.Com. (E-Comm.); M.P.Ed.; B.P.Ed.; M.Sc. (Hons School) (Biochemistry, Biophysics, Computer Science, Mathematics, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Botany Chemistry, Physics, Physics and Electronic, Zoology, Microbial-Biotechnology); M.Sc. (2 Year course) (System Biology and Bio-informatics, Environment Science, Human Genomics, Nuclear Medicine, in the concerned Departments of P.U. Chandigarh and its Regional Centres at (i) Ludhiana (LL.B. only); (ii) Hoshiarpur (LL.B. & MCA only ) and (iii) Muktsar (LL.B. & MCA only) and

Master of Business Economics at DAV, SGGS, GGDSD Colleges at Chandigarh, Guru Nanak Girls College (Model Town) Ludhiana and Arya College Ludhiana; MBACIT at MTSM College for Women, Ludhiana; M.C.A. and M.E.F.B. at GGDSD College, Sector-32, Chandigarh M.Sc. (2 Yr. courses) in (i) Chemistry at S. Govt. College of Sc. Education & Research, Jagraon (Ludhiana); DAV College, Abohar; SGGS Kh. College, Mahilpur; DAV College, Chandigarh, JCDAV College, Dasuya and Guru Nanak Girls College M.T. Ludhiana (ii) Physics at DAV College, Abohar; JCDAV College, Dasuya, Guru Nanak Girls College M.T. Ludhiana and SGGS Khalsa College, Mahilpur (iii) Zoology at DAV College, Abohar; DAV College, Chandigarh; JCDAV College, Dasuya; GCG Sector 42, Chandigarh, (iv) Botany at S. Govt. College of Sci. Education & Research, Jagraon (Ludhiana) (v) Biotechnology at DAV, SGGS, GGDSD Colleges at Chandigarh, DAV College, Abohar (vi) Bioinformatics at DAV, GGDSD, SGGS Colleges at Chandigarh, will be held from 30th May to 2nd June, 2009 at Chandigarh Centres only.

Prospectus including application forms are available for sale from March 26, 2009 on payment of Rs. 1400/- (Rs. 700/- for SC/ST Category) in the Post Offices at Chandigarh (Sector . 14, 17, 36 and 47), Amritsar (Court Road, Head Post Office), Abohar (Old Court Road), Delhi (Gole Post Office, Cannaught Place), Dharamshala (The Mall), Hoshiarpur (Near District Courts), Kurukshetra (Near Railway Station), Ludhiana (Bharat Nagar Chowk), Mohali (Phase-I), Muktsar (Head Post Office), Panchkula (Sector-8), Sangrur (Head Post Office, Near Ghantaghar), Shimla (The Mall).

Form can also be had by post from the Manager Publication Bureau, P.U. Chandigarh on payment of Rs. 1480/- (General Category) (Rs. 780/- for SC/ST Category) through Bank Draft only drawn in favour of the Registrar, P.U. Chandigarh, payable at Chandigarh only.

Last date for receipt of completed Application Form (both by post or by hand) at CET Cell, Aruna Ranjit Chandra Hall (Near Post Office) P.U. Chandigarh-160014, is April 22, 2009 upto 4:00 p.m. After this form can be submitted upto 07.05.2009 with late fee of Rs.1000/- .

Click here to download Prospectus OCET 2009-10
(For Eligibility, How To Apply, etc.)

For more detail login to

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